The Great Pyramid of Giza stands as the only surviving wonder of the ancient world, but it is only one of the extraordinary monuments in Memphis which recall the glory of the capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. In the Pyramid Complex of Saqqara is the first pyramid ever built. At the Grand Egyptian Museum in Giza, the 3,200-year-old great statue of Rameses II welcomes visitors to his realm. Ancient building techniques which have stood the test of millennia still exhibit their incalculable artistic and historic value. Amazingly this World Heritage property preserves almost 80% of its ancient form and material.