Environment:Details of Regional Report

eco ideas

Japan

Product Recycling Initiatives in Japan

In response to the Home Appliance Recycling Law of 2001, which covers four specified kinds of home appliances, we established Ecology Net Co., Ltd. jointly with Toshiba Corporation to operate and manage a geographically dispersed recycling network through the effective use of existing recycling facilities nationwide. This recycling management company operates comprehensive recycling-related services on behalf of the “Group A” manufacturers (17 companies including Panasonic), and supervises 333 designated collection sites (shared by “Group A” and “Group B”) and 28 recycling facilities. Our recycling factories, Panasonic Eco Technology Center Co., Ltd. (PETEC), Panasonic Eco Technology Kanto Co., Ltd. (PETECK), and Chubu Eco Technology Co., Ltd. (CETEC)*1 conduct unique research to improve our processes for further efficient recycling of the four kinds of used home appliances*2 and for the recovery and supply of many resources. In fiscal 2019, we processed approx. 165,160 tons of the four specified used home appliances.
Amendment of the Home Appliance Recycling Law was considered in 2014 in order to make recycling fees clearer and lower, as well as to increase recycling rates.*3 This resulted in the revision of the statutory recycling rate*4 in April 2015.
Panasonic recycling factories are working to further enhance resource recycling by improving the productivity and recycling rates through efforts of applying different recycling methods appropriate to the characteristics and materials of respective products.

PETECK has developed and put into practical use a space-saving, low-cost compact crushing and sorting system, aiming to efficiently sort air conditioner heat exchangers into single materials. The system can crush heat exchangers in indoor and outdoor air conditioner units simultaneously as they are, and removes grease with centrifugal force generated by high-speed rotating blades on the crushing machine. Aluminum, copper, and iron are sorted by gravity and blower. Copper can be recovered at a high purity of 99%.
In addition, PETEC has introduced crushing and sorting lines for copper pipes and mixed metals. In these lines, copper pipes cut and recovered from the air conditioner line, as well as mixed metals (mixture of copper and aluminum) obtained after removing iron and plastic from crushed refrigerators, are re-crushed and re-sorted to increase the resource values of copper and aluminum. At the same time, we are working on recycling high-quality, single plastics through the use of a plastic sorter.

*1 PETECK and CETEC are joint ventures between Mitsubishi Materials Corporation and Panasonic.
*2 Air conditioners, TVs, refrigerators/freezers, and washing machines/clothes dryers.
*3 Recycling rate = Valuable resource weight/Total weight of used home appliances.
*4 The amended statutory recycling rates are at least: 80% for air conditioners, 55% for CRT TVs, 74% for LCD and plasma TVs, 70% for refrigerators and freezers, and 82% for washing machines and clothes dryers.

Europe

The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive took effect in 2005, and requires producers to take back and recycle waste electrical and electronic items.
Additionally, it requires that producers mark items to show consumers that they should not be discarded with general domestic waste, and to provide advice to consumers on suitable disposal options. Panasonic has proactively developed solutions to all these requirements.
The revised WEEE Directive 2012/19/EU entered into force in August 2012, aiming to increase the amount of e-waste that is appropriately treated and to reduce the volume that goes to disposal.

The following table provides an overview for calendar years 2010 until 2018 for Panasonic’s "WEEE return ratios" which is the percentage of the WEEE collected to the EEE put on the market.

Country

Return Ratios*6 based on market share

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

U.K.

75%

90%

94%

92%

85%

73%

74%

59%

54%

Germany

56%

57%

44%

17%

20%

20%

39%

43%

36%

Italy

37%

72%

97%

88%

66%

63%

42%

51%

49%

Spain

24%

34%

39%

41%

47%

50%

45%

43%

41%

Portugal

N/A

N/A

36%

38%

38%

41%

54%

52%

39%

France

62%

76%

81%

81%

82%

88%

90%

108%

89%

Czech

71%

87%

77%

77%

79%

78%

70%

68%

41%

Poland

35%

36%

53%

53%

53%

54%

54%

40%

50%

Slovakia

45%

11%

54%

54%

62%

65%

48%

56%

30%

Hungary

49%

33%

50%

56%

46%

49%

61%

57%

50%

Belgium

107%

107%

107%

107%

102%

93%

93%

93%

94%

Norway

104%

78%

62%

73%

58%

41%

44%

30%

25%

Sweden

42%

46%

44%

72%

71%

70%

44%

41%

13%

Finland

N/A

N/A

45%

48%

50%

51%

51%

53%

53%

Denmark

90%

94%

130%

115%

64%

72%

66%

56%

44%

Ireland

31%

50%

40%

39%

52%

50%

50%

50%

50%

Austria

82%

91%

95%

99%

98%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Netherlands

77%

78%

100%

104%

104%

86%

47%

70%

35%

Total Panasonic WEEE collection volume for Europe(tons)

56,078

58,301

48,498

40,459

33,503

30,682

29,677

27,756

24,761

*6 Return Ratio: WEEE collection volume/EEE put on the market

Notebook PC Recycling

We have established our own-brand computer take-back system across Europe, which is primarily a business-to-business market for Panasonic. Based on our Notebook take-back and recycling program operating in North America, Europe and Japan, this means that Panasonic offers recycling solutions covering 95% of the entire Group's global sales volume of computers.

A Country by Country Approach

Panasonic has a very diverse product range in Europe. To manage our WEEE compliance across the EU, it has been our policy to register directly with appropriate recycling schemes in countries where we have legal company presence. Elsewhere, we work with our distributors to ensure that responsibilities are managed locally.
By clicking on each of the WEEE schemes listed below, you will learn more about their activities. We apply the same approach to packaging and battery recycling. We are also members of numerous systems in various European countries.

Note: Details of Panasonic affiliated WEEE recycling schemes by country are as follows. Some of the websites may only be available in the local language.

North America

Panasonic continues to play a leadership role in developing recycling infrastructure across the United States and Canada, mainly through MRM (Electronic Manufacturers Recycling Management Company, LLC), which we joined with Sharp Electronics Corporation and Toshiba America Information Systems Company to establish in 2007. MRM is tasked with bringing manufacturers together into a collaborative effort to provide convenient and environmentally sound collection and recycling to consumers. MRM now provides collection and recycling for over 40 manufacturers, including Panasonic.

Panasonic collection results:

Total Panasonic electronic product collection volume (USA, FY-2018)

275 tons

Cumulative electronic product collection volume (USA)

88,750 tons

Note: This result is the cumulative total of Panasonic's voluntary and mandatory collections as of March 31, 2019.

The cumulative total of collection by MRM has reached 1 billion lbs. (approximately 460,000 tons) since its inception in 2007.
Please see here for additional details on MRM and its programs.

In Canada, Panasonic manages its commitment to responsible recycling through Industry funded independent non-profit organizations (IFOs). In 2017 all ten provinces and two territories in Canada have regulated WEEE programs. Panasonic has been instrumental in the planning and development of the organizations setup to administer these recycling programs and to this day actively participates in the governance of these IFO's.
With a total of over 3,400 collection sites across Canada these IFO’s were able to divert 115,890 metric tons of e-waste in 2017. To date, Canadian collection programs have collected a total of 1,036,569 tons in e-waste since their implementation. However; yearly totals are trending downward due to reduction of CRT’s being recycled, overall light weighting of products and the maturing of the provincial programs. As a result other metrics then just weight collected are under review to better evaluate the performance of these programs.
Unlike the United States, Canada does not separate their recycling by manufacture as all e-waste is handled as a collective, so Panasonic specific collection volumes are not available.
The Plain Paper and Packaging Recycling Programs are unique to Canada. Operated by The Canadian Stewardship Services Alliance Inc. (CSSA) they represent the recycling interests of Retailer and Manufacturers, creating convenient environmentally sustainable ways for consumers to dispose of the packaging from products sold into the Canadian market—from paper, to cardboard, to Styrofoam and plastics. CSSA is a national, non-profit organization managing the compliance requirements of stewards for the regulated provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Ontario and Quebec.
In 2017 these programs collected and processed over 1.1 million metric tons of paper and packaging materials.

Country State/Province Recycling Organization Information Products Covered
Canada Alberta New window:ARMA - Alberta Recycling Management Authority TV, PC, monitors, printers and fax machines
Saskatchewan New window:EPRA Saskatchewan TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom
British Columbia New window:EPRA - British Columbia TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, photocopiers, Batteries, home & portable audio video, Car audio video, selected telecom, and peripherals.
New window:Major Appliance Recycling Roundtable Major Appliances
New window:CESA – Canadian Electrical Stewardship Association Small Appliances, Microwave Ovens, Power tools, Exercise Equipment
Nova Scotia New window:EPRA – Nova Scotia TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom
Ontario New window:Ontario Electronic Stewardship (OES) TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, photocopiers, Batteries, home & portable audio video, Car audio video, selected telecom, and disk drives/peripherals.
Quebec New window:EPRA/ARPE - Quebec TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, photocopiers, Batteries, home & portable audio video, Car audio video, selected telecom, and peripherals.
Manitoba New window:EPRA - Manitoba TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, photocopiers, Batteries, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom
New Brunswick New window:EPRA - New Brunswick TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Telephones, Car audio video and selected telecom
Newfoundland New window:EPRA – Newfoundland TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom
Prince Edward Island New window:EPRA – PEI TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom
Northwest Territories New window:Rethink-it Northwest Territories - Managed by ARMA TV, PC, monitors, printers and floor standing photocopiers
Yukon New window:Recycle Yukon Electronics TV, PC, monitors, printers, fax, home & portable audio video, Car audio video and selected telecom Small Appliances, Microwave Ovens,

Battery Recycling

Currently in Canada there are two IFO’s running Battery Collection operations, Stewardship Ontario, as the approved collector in Ontario and Call2Recycle operating in BC, MB and QC as regulated provinces and in all other provinces with voluntary collection programs.
In 2017 the Call2Recycle Programs supported over 6,000 collection locations across the Canada, with a cumulative battery collection exceeding 2.5 million Kilograms.
The Stewardship Ontario Program runs their Battery Collection program under the M HSW – Orange Drop Program but only in Ontario, it has over 5,000 collection sites with a collection of 3.2 million Kilograms in 2017. The contributing factor to the success of the MHSW program is the implementation of a Collector and Processor Incentive which is basically a bounty on Batteries. This makes their program the most expensive battery collection program in the world.

Notebook PC Recycling

Panasonic Canada initiated its own dedicated computer take-back system in mid 2017 by entering into a partnership with Revolution Recycling. Where units have a refurbishment value, we offer a buy-back program. Where units are no longer suitable for refurbishment, we offer free-recycling of any Panasonic laptop, to ensure their safe, environmentally responsible end-of-life management.

China

In China, through the Executive Committee of Foreign Investment Companies (ECFIC) and other organizations, we are engaged in activities to clarify the products covered by the Second Catalog (published in February 2015) of the Regulation for the Administration of the Recycling and Treatment of Waste Electrical and Electronic Products, which was published in May 2012 and enforced in July of the same year. In addition, we actively gather information and submit comments on setting unit-based rates for the covered products, toward early disclosure of information by Chinese governmental organizations such as the Ministry of Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Finance.
We are also carrying out an assessment of the development of the Plan on Promoting Extended Producer Responsibility promulgated by the government in January 2017 and reviewing our response.

International Collaboration in Southeast Asia and Oceania

Australia

The National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme was established in Australia in 2011.
Panasonic Australia is a member of the MRI PSO, a co-regulatory arrangement approved by the Australian government to fulfill our obligation under the national scheme. Between July 2018 and June 2019, 1,161 tons of e-waste were recycled.

Vietnam

Since the introduction of recycling law in Vietnam in July 2016, producers and importers are required to establish a take back scheme for their products sold in Vietnam. Panasonic Sales Vietnam has since set up 7 collection points in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, Haiphong, Thanhhoa, Nghean, Danang, and Cantho. In 2018, 32 tons of e-waste were collected and sent to licensed recyclers for proper treatment.

India

Panasonic India embarked on a mission to understand the recycling landscape of India in 2009. This exercise involved recycler surveys across the country, discussions with NGOs and industry organizations, understanding of actual recycling statuses in India, due diligence to select a recycler to commence a voluntary recycling program, and attending various forums on e-waste.

PI initiated Panasonic's comprehensive e-waste recycling program "I RECYCLE" on May 1, 2012 on a full scale, replacing its existing "Voluntary End-of-Life Recycling Program." Currently, Panasonic India has set up and operates the scheme with 378 collection points in 23 states and provides a toll-free number for customers to recycle Panasonic's end-of-life products. Locations of the collection points can be found by clicking here.

The letter "I" will make a connection with our eco tag line "I am doing my bit," which will help the consumer easily relate to the green initiatives by our company

Panasonic India has obtained PAN India EPR authorization from CPCB, GoI which is also available on CPCB website.

Recently, The E-Waste Management Rules 2016 have been amended vide notification G.S.R. 261(E), dated March 22, 2018 the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
This amendment in the rules has been done with the objective of channelizing the e-waste generated in the country towards authorized dismantlers and recyclers in order to formalize the e-waste recycling sector.
The collection targets under the provision of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) in the Rules have been set and targets have been introduced for new producers who have started their sales operations recently.
Panasonic India achieved the collection target of 2017-2018.

Sl. No

Year

E-Waste Collection Target (Weight)

(i)

2017-2018

10% of the quantity of waste generation as indicated in Extended Producer Responsibility Plan.

(ii)

2018-2019

20% of the quantity of waste generation as indicated in Extended Producer Responsibility Plan.

Recycling Initiatives in Latin America

In response to a growing trend in stricter environmental laws in Latin American countries, discussions on the establishment of recycling laws and actual enforcement are being conducted.

In Brazil, through industry groups, we are discussing the establishment of local recycling systems with the government, as well as actively participating in collection campaigns in major cities.

In Peru, under the recycling law that came into force in 2016, we joined a nonprofit organization Asociacion Peruana de Actores para la Gestion de Residuos (ASPAGER) as a leading member, and started a used-product recovery program.

In Mexico, a collection program is implemented under the government-approved recycling and management plan.

In Chile, the legislation process has also been accelerated and preparations for setting up a collection program are underway through continuous discussions with the government.

In Argentina, we are participating in the Latin American Battery Association (ALPIBA) and engaging in continuous discussions with the government for effective legislation on the regulation of dry cell batteries.