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Breathing cleanses the body.
Oxygen becomes radicals, protecting the body.
Hydroxyl radicals are present in nature but have short lifespans.
nanoe™ X, hydroxyl radicals contained in water, last longer.
In our bodies, radicals fight germs. Indoors, nanoe™ X does the same.

In our bodies, radicals fight germs.
Indoors, nanoe™ X does the same.


1. Each of us breathes in 18 kg of air a day.

1. Each of us breathes in 18 kg of air a day.

2. That’s about 15 m³,
or a sphere 3 meters in diameter.

2. That’s about 15 m³, or a sphere 3 meters in diameter.

3. We need our air to contain about 21% oxygen.

3. We need our air to contain about 21% oxygen.

4. So we breathe about 3 m³ of oxygen per day.

4. So we breathe about 3 m³ of oxygen per day.

5. When this oxygen enters the body, 1­–2% is turned into radicals. Hydroxyl radicals are one type of radical.

5. When this oxygen enters the body, 1¬–2% is turned into radicals. Hydroxyl radicals are one type of radical.

6. Since 2% of the oxygen we breathe turns into radicals, 0.02 L × 0.02 = 0.0004 L,
so 0.0004 L of radicals are produced by a single breath.

6. Since 2% of the oxygen we breathe turns into radicals, 0.02 L × 0.02 = 0.0004 L, so 0.0004 L of radicals are produced by a single breath.

7. At a body temperature of 36˚C, the volume of radicals produced by a single breath is, according to Charles’s law, 0.0004 (L) ÷ (22.4 × (273.15 + 36) ÷ 273.15) × 6.02 × 1023 = 9.498 × 1018

7. At a body temperature of 36˚C, the volume of radicals produced by a single breath is, according to Charles’s law, 0.0004 (L) ÷ (22.4 × (273.15 + 36) ÷ 273.15) × 6.02 × 10 = 9.498 × 10

8. The radicals produced in our bodies fight every day against bacteria that can cause illness.

8. The radicals produced in our bodies fight every day against bacteria that can cause illness.

9. By comparison, the volume of hydroxyl radicals generated by nanoeTM X in continuous operation is about 415 trillion per 24 hours.

9. By comparison, the volume of hydroxyl radicals generated by nanoeTM X in continuous operation is about 415 trillion per 24 hours.

10. The volume of hydroxyl radicals generated by nanoeTM X is 1/500,000th of the volume human beings produce by breathing.

10. The volume of hydroxyl radicals generated by nanoe™ X is 1/500,000th of the volume human beings produce by breathing. 

Test purpose

Test name

Testing organisation

Impact on chromosomes

Chromosome abnormality test using cultured cells

Japan Bioassay Research Center
(Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)-compliant facility)

Impact on respiratory organs

Repeated administration toxicity test

Life Science Research Laboratory
(Institution registered with the Cause Investigation Institution Network)

Toxicological and carcinogenic impact

Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity combined test

Food and Drug Safety Center, Hatano Research Institute
 (GLP-compliant facility)

Impact on DNA

Comet assay

Food and Drug Safety Center, Hatano Research Institute
 (GLP-compliant facility)

Impact on male and female fertility
and unborn children

Simplified reproductive toxicity test

Food and Drug Safety Center, Hatano Research Institute
 (GLP-compliant facility)

nanoe™ X is nanoscale particle ions contained in water. Made from water. Safety tests are verified as below.

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