Panasonic continues its leadership role in establishing and operating a recycling system for waste batteries and consumer electronic products in North America. Following the startup of a state recycling law in Minnesota in July 2007, we established the Electronic Manufacturers Recycling Management Company, LLC (MRM), jointly with Toshiba Corporation and Sharp Corporation in September of the same year, and began recycling TVs, PCs, and other electronic equipment.
With collaborative ties to several recycling companies, MRM operates collection programs on behalf of 43 companies across 20 states and the District of Columbia. MRM has collected approximately 395,144 tons since its inception in 2007. With the changes in Panasonic's business strategies in the US in 2016, our remaining collection obligations are de-minimis, MRM will continue operating its collection programs on behalf of the manufacturers it serves.
As for waste batteries, we established Call2Recycle in 1994 jointly with other battery manufacturers, and now provide recycling programs for rechargeable batteries throughout the US and Canada. Call2Recycle provides collection programs and a robust retail collection network for over 300 companies, and collected approx. 6,300 tons of primary and rechargeable batteries in the U.S. and Canada, across more than 10,000 public and 13,000 private collection sites.
Recycling end-of-life products in Canada started in 2004 with the Alberta Government Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Regulation. Since then a total of ten provinces and two territories have legislated WEEE, each with their own unique parameters and requirements. In an effort to harmonize these programs, Panasonic Canada takes an active role in the governance of the Electronic Product Recycling Association, a not-for-profit management organization which was established with the mandate to standardize operations and bring about economies of scale on a national basis through 3,200 collection sites. They are now responsible for managing all the provincial programs with the exception of Alberta and the two territories, as these three programs are under the direct jurisdictions of their governments and not industry. The currently active provincial EPR programs have proven to be very effective in diverting e-waste as reflected in last year's totals, where 132,417 tons were collected and resulted in an average of 3.58 kg per capita in Canada.
As the number of heavy CRT televisions entering the e-waste stream is on the decrease and the trend of light weighting of our products continues, it is anticipated that future collection weights will also decrease.
In 2017, New Brunswick was the last province to launch the end-of-life recycling program leaving the territories of the Yukon, with a delayed program, and Nunavut working to legislate e-waste.